Member Publications

Subscribe via Email

To submit items for Of Victorian Interest or Member Publications, please email

Leslee Thorne-Murphy, Bazaar Literature: Charity, Advocacy, and Parody in Victorian Social Reform Fiction

Bazaar Literature

Charity, Advocacy, and Parody in Victorian Social Reform Fiction

Leslee Thorne-Murphy

Bazaar Literature reorients our understanding of Victorian social reform fiction by reading it in light of the copious amount of literature generated for charity bazaars. Bazaars were ubiquitous during the nineteenth century, part of the vibrant and massive private sector response to a rapidly industrializing society. Typically organized and run by women, charity bazaars were often called “fancy fairs” since they specialized in ladies’ hand-crafted “fancy” work. Indeed, they were a key method women used to intervene in political, social, and cultural affairs. Yet their conventional purpose—to raise money for charity—has led to their being widely overlooked and misunderstood.

Bazaar Literature remedies these misconceptions by demonstrating how the literature written in conjunction with bazaars shaped the social, political, and literary movements of its time. This study draws upon a wide variety of texts printed to be sold at bazaars, including literature by Robert Louis Stevenson, Harriet Martineau, and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, alongside fictional depictions of fancy fairs by Charlotte Yonge, George Eliot, Frances Trollope, and Anthony Trollope. The book revises our understanding of the larger literary market in social reform fiction, revealing a parodic, self-critical strain that is paradoxically braided with strident political activism and its realist sensibilities.

Leslee Thorne-Murphy is an associate professor of English at Brigham Young University.

Order online at:

Tagged as: